If you need protection for your technical invention for foreign countries, you have several options. A patent or utility model may be filed for individual national states. Often, it is more cost-effective and strategically advantageous to protect whole regions, e.g. by means of a European or a Eurasian patent application, or by an international patent application (PCT application) effective for most countries in the world.
Trademark applications can be filed for individual national states in order to obtain trademark protection for foreign countries. If trademark protection is required for countries in the European Union, it is often more cost-effective to register a European Union trade mark which is effective in all EU countries. For many countries outside the EU, as well as for the countries of the EU, brand protection can be obtained through an international brand, which is usually more cost-effective than national trademarks.
Designs can also be submitted for individual national states. Furthermore, it is possible to register a Community design for the countries of the European Union, which is effective in all countries in the EU. For some countries outside Europe, as well as for the EU countries, design protection can be obtained through The Hague Design Agreement, which is usually more cost-effective than the application of individual national designs.